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India



India - Interesting Information

Submitted by Kenia Makadon

Editor's note:  While we are waiting for a travel story from another traveler, we gratefully accept the following information, submitted by Kenia Makadon, so that we may open this page on India.

HISTORICAL FACTS ABOUT INDIA. 

India never invaded any country in her last 10000 years of history.

India invented the Number System. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta.

The World's first university was established in Takshila in 700BC. more than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century BC was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education. 

Sanskrit is the mother of all the European languages. Sanskrit is the most suitable language for computer software reported in Forbes magazine, July 1987. 

Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to humans Charaka, the father of medicine consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago. Today Ayurveda is fast regaining its rightful place in our civilization. 

Although modern images of India often show poverty and lack of development, India was the richest country on earth until the time of British invasion in the early 17th Century. 

The art of Navigation was born in the river Sindh 6000 years ago. The very word Navigation is derived from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH. The word navy is also derived from Sanskrit 'Nou'. 

Bhaskaracharya calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart.; Time taken by earth to orbit the sun: (5th century) 365.258756484 days. 

The value of pi was first calculated by Budhayana, and he explained the concept of what is known as the Pythagorean Theorem. This theorem is nothing but Shulva Sutra. He discovered this in the 6th century long before the European mathematicians. Algebra, trigonometry and calculus came from India; Quadratic equations were by Sridharacharya in the 11th Century.The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106(10 to the power of 6) whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 1053(10 to the power of 53) with specific names as early as 5000 BCE during the Vedic period. Even today, the largest used number is Tera 1012(10 to the power of 12). 

According to the Gemological Institute of America, up until 1896, India was the only source for diamonds to the world. 

USA based IEEE has proved what has been a century-old suspicion in the world scientific community that the pioneer of Wireless communication was Prof. Jagdeesh Bose and not Marconi. 

The earliest reservoir and dam for irrigation was built in Saurashtra. According to Saka King Rudradaman I of 150 CE a beautiful lake called 'Sudarshana' was constructed on the hills of Raivataka during Chandragupta Maurya's time. 

Chess (Shataranja or AshtaPada) was invented in India. 

Sushruta is the father of surgery. 2600 years ago he and health scientists of his time conducted complicated surgeries like cesareans, cataract, artificial limbs, fractures, urinary stones and even plastic surgery and brain surgery. Usage of anesthesia was well known in ancient India. Over 125 surgical equipment were used. Deep knowledge of anatomy, physiology, etiology, mbryology, digestion, metabolism, genetics and immunity is also found in many texts.

When many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley (Indus Valley Civilization).

The place value system, the decimal system was developed in India in 100 BC. 

                                              QUOTES ABOUT INDIA 

Albert Einstein said: We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made. 

Mark Twain said: India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition. Our most valuable and most constructive materials In the history of man are treasured up in India only. 

French scholar Romain Rolland said: If there is one place on the face of earth where all the dreams of living men have found a home from the very earliest days when man began the dream of existence, it is India.

Hu Shih, former Ambassador of China to USA said:India conquered and dominated China culturally for 20 centuries without ever having to send a single soldier across her border. 

                                                         PRESENT: 

According to one research India will emerge as a super power in IT & Medical research by 2025. The Co-founder of Sun Microsystems (The company which is sweeping the internet with its brainchild Java) IS  Vinod Khosla The Creator of Pentium Chip is  Vinod Dahm The current president of AT&T Bell Labs? (AT & T Bell Labs is the creator of C, C++, Unix to name a few) is Arun Netravalli The founder and creator of Hotmail is Sabeer Bhatia The Testing Director of Windows 2000 is Sanjay Tejwrika. 

CEOs of the following well known companies to name a few AppNet, America Online (The Largest ISP in the World), Web Methods, Lucent Technologies (Pioneer in Fiber Optics), Proxicom, Network Solutions (The sole web domain assigner), General Dynamics Corporation, Lazard Freres, Litton PRC, Columbia Capital, Primus Communications, Discovery Communications, Bell Atlantic, Cable & Wireless, The Motley Fool, Hughes Network Systems, Cybercash, MCI World com, PSINet, Motorola, Micro Strategy, Equalfooting.com, Teligent, Inc., MindBank, U.S. Airways, CIENA Corp., BioNetrix, Net 2000 Communications, Computer Associates, SAIC, Startec, INOVA Health System, Cvent.com, Eglobe, Metrocall, Inc., DynCorp, Consumer Elec. Ass'n, The Carlyle Group, Cyveillance, Nextel Communications, Fannie Mae, Intelsat, Draper Atlantic, Venture Fund, L.P., Freddie Mac, Manugistics, Raytheon Systems Corporation, Spacevest, etc., are all Indians. 

Indians are known as the Indian Mafia (or Internet Mafia?). Indians are the wealthiest among all ethnic groups in America. They are the success story in America. There are 3.22 Million Indians in America. 38% of Doctors in America are Indians. 12% of Scientists in America are Indians. 36% of NASA employees are Indians. 34% of MICROSOFT employees are Indians 28% of IBM employees are Indians 17% of INTEL employees are Indians 13% of XEROX employees are Indians. 

Some of these facts may be known to you. These facts were recently published in a German Magazine which deals with WORLD All the above is just the TIP of the iceberg, the list could be endless. So the world can sees why today everybody is looking at India.

THINK GLOBALLY - ACT LOCALLY - PRAY FOR WORLD PEACE